Social learning in animals: categories and mechanism. Soc Neurosci Abstr Program Clipperton-Allen et al. These results are consistent with previous studies showing a resistance to habituation to negative material in both female adults Williams et al.
Caspase-dependent cell death can be initiated by extrinsic death receptor mediated or intrinsic mitochondria mediated factors. Brain Res Dev Brain Res. A greater number of new neurons in the ventral dentate gyrus was related to greater accuracy at separating similar patterns in females, but this relationship was not seen in males Yagi et al.
However, a study by Kohler and colleagues showed that intravenous minocycline treatment given to stroke patients was safe but not efficacious Kohler et al. A smaller signal change difference represents a more persistent amygdala response.
Hormonal and neurochemical correlates of various forms of animal aggression. Women, on the other hand, had more brain sex differences amygdala brain in Torquay matter in parts of the prefrontal cortex which is associated with decisionmaking and self-control and the insula which has been connected with numerous functions, including emotion and the sense of taste.
Dimensional measures may be advantageous over categorical approaches because they capture the full spectrum of symptoms including subthreshold symptoms, which are typically disregarded in case-control studies. Learning and Individual Differences. Total and regional brain volumes in a population-based normative sampjle from 4 to 18 years: The NIH MRI study of normal brain development.
Men, on average, can more easily juggle items in working memory. Brain sex differences amygdala brain in Torquay and hippocampus fail to habituate to faces in individuals with an inhibited temperament. Sex differences in white matter organization: diffusion imaging Diffusion imaging is a neuroimaging technique that uses information about the restriction of the movement of water molecules to estimate the location, orientation, and anisotropy direction of white matter tracts [ 69 ].
Finally, we highlight existing limitations, gaps in knowledge, and fertile avenues for future research. This differential rate of development results in females having higher gray matter density across the entire brain.
Origins of Phobias and Anxiety Disorders. In these experiments, the effects of estradiol on memory consolidation have been tested via administration immediately after the initial investigation phase i. Sex differences in caspase activation after stroke.