The online registry contains only offenders who have committed sexually violent crimes and "sexual predators," defined as offenders determined through an independent court proceeding to have a certain degree of compulsion to commit sexual crimes. Walker et al. SORNA also opened the door to the retroactive application of registration requirements to individuals convicted of sex offenses whether in juvenile or criminal court proceedings before the registration laws went into effect.
Juvenile Malethe court found that the retroactive application of SORNA to juvenile adjudications was unconstitutional.
Four published studies have examined the relationship between failure to register and sex-offense recidivism. Because state registration, notification, and residency restrictions often stipulate that offenders may not live in or near the homes of victims, housing issues can become extremely complicated when the victim of a youth offender registrant is a sibling.
Indecency with a child — contact. Registrants were also asked a series of questions to determine whether the registrant experienced psycho-social harm, felt vulnerable to or experienced violence, or was subject to discrimination because of his or her status as a registrant.
The online registries of 22 states and the District of Columbia reflect no discernable indication of the offender's level of dangerousness. Members of the community have protested several performing groups in which I participate, requesting that they be denied access to the use of public facilities.
The 40 percent recidivism rate applies to prison inmates released in who returned to prison within three years due to a new criminal conviction or for violating conditions of release. However, all too often state registration systems treat individuals convicted of sexual offenses in other states differently from individuals convicted of the same offenses within the state.
Current registration, community notification, and residency restriction laws may be counterproductive, impeding rather than promoting public safety. Registrants are required to renew the license or ID card annually. At least 13 states required individuals to register for urinating in public in two states, only if a child was present.
The most comprehensive study of sex offender recidivism to date consists of a meta-analysis of numerous studies yielding recidivism rates for a period of up to 15 years post-release for people convicted of such serious offenses as rape and child molesting.